Ibn Al-Qayyim** levels of Prayer/Salah** (Fiqh, Tafseer)

Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said,
“And mankind, with regard to their performance of prayer are in five levels.”

The First

The level of the one who is negligent and wrongs his soul. He is the one who falls short in performing ablution properly, performing the prayer upon its time and within its specified limits, and in fulfilling its essential pillars.


The Second:

The one who guards his prayers upon their proper times and within their specified limits, fulfils their essential pillars and performs his ablution with care. However, his striving is wasted due to whisperings in his prayer so he is taken away by thoughts and ideas.


The Third:

The one who guards his prayers within the specified limits, fulfils their essential pillars and strives with himself to repel the whisperings, thoughts and ideas. He is busy struggling against his enemy (Shaitan) so that he does not steal from the prayer. On account of this he is engaged in (both) prayer and jihad.


The Fourth:

The one who stands for the prayer, completes and perfects its due rights, its essential pillars, performs it within its specified limits and his heart becomes engrossed in safeguarding its rights and specified limits, so that nothing is wasted from it. His whole concern is directed towards its establishment, its completion and its perfection, as it should be. His heart is immersed in the prayer and in enslavement to his Lord, the Exalted.


The Fifth:

The one who stands for the prayer like the one mentioned above. However, on top of this, he has taken and placed his heart in front of his Lord, the Mighty and Majestic, looking towards Him with his heart with anticipation, (his heart) filled with His love and His might, as if he sees and witnesses Allah. The whisperings, thoughts and ideas have vanished and the coverings which are between him and his Lord are raised. What is between this person and others with respect to the prayer, is superior and greater than what is between the heavens and the earth. This person is busy with his Lord, the Mighty and Majestic, delighted with Him.

The first type will be punished, the second type will be held to account, the third will have his sins and shortcomings expiated, the fourth will be rewarded and the fifth will be close to his Lord, because he will receive the portion of the one who makes his prayer the delight and pleasure of his eye. Whoever makes his prayer the delight and pleasure of his eye, will have the nearness to his Lord, the Mighty and Majestic, made the delight and pleasure of his eye in the hereafter. He will also be made a pleasure to the eye in this world since whoever makes Allah the pleasure of his eye in this world, every other eye will become delighted and pleased with him.

source: salahdin(TTI)

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Download Books about Salah

Here are some great books about Salah.You may download them and perfect your Salah.

ABLUTION

Ablution -Wudoo

SALAH

Salah The Muslim Prayer

Kitab-AlSalah-The Book of Prayer

Prophet Muhamad’s Manner of Performing Salah

Gaining Khushuu(Concentration in Salah)

Khushuu by Ibn Rajab

How to Gain Khushuu

33 Ways of Developing Khushuu in Salah



A House in Paradise

Many people are confused regarding sunnah prayers.I would like to elaborate further with these  terms-Fard,Sunnah Muakkadah ,Sunnah Ghair Muakkadah,Nawafil, and Wajib

Fard  :

Obligatory and every Muslim should perform it.The five  daily prayers are obligatory-Fajr,Dhur,Asr,Maghrib and Ishaa

Sunnah Muakkadah  :

It is an act that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, always used to do. These rakats must be offered. (However if missed, there is no makeup or qada for it).

Sunnah Ghair Muakkadah  :

It is an act that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, used to leave sometimes without any reason. These are not obligatory.

Nawafil  :

Voluntary prayer such as salat ad-duha ,tahajjud,qiam al lail

Below are the sunnah prayers

Fajr/Subh:

2 Sunnah Muakkadah
2 Fard

Zuhr/Dhur:

4 Sunnah Muakkadah
4 Fard
2 Sunnah Muakkadah
2 Nawafil

Asr:

4 Sunnah Ghair Muakkadah
4 Fard

Maghrib:

3 Fard
2 Sunnah Muakkadah
2 Nawafil

Isha:

4 Sunnah Ghair Muakkadah
4 Fard
2 Sunnah Muakkadah
Nawafil (it is the tahajud,qiyam layl….performed 2 by 2 and you may do as much as you want)
Witr (witr is done in ways either 2 rakaat and salam and 1 rakaat salam.When you do 3 rakaat,there is no tashahud in the 2nd rakaat.)[Sunnah surah to be recited are Al-Alaa chapter 87,Al kafiroon chapter 109 and Al Ikhlas chapter 112]

The Prophet Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam usually prayed 12 rakaat of sunnah prayers.

Concerning their virtue, it was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever prays twelve rak’ahs during the night and day, a house will be built for him in Paradise: four before Zuhr and two after, two rak’ahs after Maghrib, two rak’ahs after ‘Isha’ and two rak’ahs before Fajr prayer.”